Doctrines of Grace
Doctrines of Grace - TULIP
The Doctrines of Grace (TULIP) stands in direct contrast to the most popular view of how the sinner comes to Christ, Arminianism. Jacobus Arminius (October 10, 1560 – October 19, 1609) challenged the Reformed standard in his day, the Belgic Confession. Ten years after Arminius' death, his challenge was addressed at the Synod of Dort in 1618,1619 where the five points of Calvinism were drawn up in response to Arminius’ five points.
TULIP is an acronymn that addresses the Biblical view of Soteriology, the doctrine of salvation. The five points of TULIP show the sovereign grace of God in saving sinners and man's utter depravity, helplessness and lost condition. God saves who He chooses to save, to the praise of the glory of His grace, according to His good pleasure of His will which He purposed from before the foundation of the world (Ephesians 1:3-14).
The "T" in TULIP stands for the Total Depravity of man. Man is as bad off as he can be. The fall of man in Adam means that sin has extended to every part of man's personality -- his thinking, his emotions, and his will. Man is born dead in sins (Ephesians 2:1), helpless, ungodly, sinners and enemies of God (Romans 5:6-11). Man is unable to save himself, he has no good in him that gains him any status with God. Man is born into this world lost, under God's wrath and on the road to an eternal hell. For this very reason, some call the "T", Total Inability. Man cannot do anything to change his spiritual condition with God.
The "U" in TULIP stands for Unconditional Election. God chooses to save a man not based on any condition within man, any goodness in man, on any foreseen faith in a man, or that God sees that a man will choose Jesus so God chooses that man. God chose those who He would save for His own glory before the foundation of the world (Ephesians 1:4; Romans 8:29,30; II Thessalonians 2:13,14). God chooses some to save for His glory and others to damn to His glory (Romans 9:15,21-23).
The "L" stands for Limited Atonement. This doctrine teaches that Jesus Christ came to atone for the sins of those who the Father chose. Jesus Christ did not die for the sins of the whole world, or all of the world would be saved. This doctrine asks the question, "For whom did Christ die?" He died for those who the Father gave Him to purchase (John 17:9; 6:37,44,65). Jesus died for many, not all (Matthew 26:28). Only those appointed to eternal life will truly believe in Jesus Christ for salvation (Acts 13:48).
The "I" stands for Irrestible Grace. This doctrine teaches that all whom the Father has chosen from eternity past and for whom Jesus died in thier place as a Substitute for their sins, the Holy Spirit will most certainly draw them come to faith in Jesus Christ for salvation. All that the Father gives to Jesus will come to Him (John 6:37). All who are appointed to eternal life will believe in Jesus (Acts 13:48). Someone that we may think to be the most hardened sinner will come if the Father draws them to Jesus Christ (John 6:44,65).
The "P" stands for Perseverance of the Saints. Those chosen by the Father chose and for whom the Son died and whom the Spirit unites by faith through grace to Jesus Christ for salvation will most certainly persevere to the end. No true Christian loses their salvation. They can't. See John 10;28-30, Romans 8:28-39 and Philippians 1:6.